He won the 2002 presidential election with an electoral vote of 922,884, surpassing the 107,366 votes won by lakshmi sahgal. His term lasted from to 38 On, the national Democratic Alliance (NDA) which was in power at the time, expressed that they would nominate kalam for the post of President, 39 40 and both the samajwadi party and the nationalist Congress Party backed his candidacy. 41 42 After the samajwadi party announced its support for Kalam, narayanan chose not to seek a second term in office, leaving the field clear. 43 Kalam said of the announcement of his candidature: i am really overwhelmed. Everywhere both in Internet and in other media, i have been asked for a message. I was thinking what message i can give to the people of the country at this juncture.
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29 r venkatraman was instrumental in getting the cabinet approval for allocating 388 crores for the mission, named era Integrated guided Missile development Programme (igmdp) and appointed Kalam as the chief executive. 29 Kalam played a major part in developing many missiles under the mission including Agni, an intermediate range ballistic missile and Prithvi, the tactical surface-to-surface missile, although the projects have been criticised for mismanagement and cost and time overruns. 29 30 Kalam served as the Chief Scientific Adviser to the Prime minister and Secretary of the defence research and development Organisation from July 1992 to december 1999. The pokhran-ii nuclear tests were conducted during this period in which he played an intensive political and technological role. Kalam served as the Chief Project coordinator, along with Rajagopala Chidambaram, during the testing phase. 11 31 Media coverage of Kalam during this period made him the country's best known nuclear scientist. 32 However, the director of the site test, k santhanam, said that the thermonuclear bomb had been a " fizzle " and criticisied Kalam for issuing an incorrect report. 33 Both Kalam and Chidambaram dismissed the claims. 34 In 1998, along with cardiologist Soma raju, kalam developed a low cost coronary stent, named the "Kalam-Raju Stent". 35 36 In 2012, the duo designed a rugged tablet computer for health care in rural areas, which was named the "Kalam-Raju tablet". 37 Presidency kalam served as the 11th President of India, succeeding.
11 27 Between the 1970s and 1990s, kalam made an effort the to develop the polar Satellite launch Vehicle (pslv) and slv-iii projects, both of which proved to be successful. Kalam was invited by raja ramanna to witness the country's first nuclear test Smiling Buddha as the representative of tbrl, even though he had not participated in its development. In the 1970s, kalam also directed two projects, Project devil and Project Valiant, which sought to develop ballistic missiles from the technology of the successful slv programme. 28 Despite the disapproval of the Union Cabinet, prime minister Indira gandhi allotted secret funds for these aerospace projects through her discretionary powers under Kalam's directorship. 28 Kalam played an integral role convincing the Union Cabinet to conceal the true nature of these classified aerospace projects. 28 His research and educational leadership brought him great laurels and prestige in the 1980s, which prompted the government to initiate an advanced missile programme under his directorship. 28 Kalam and Dr runachalam, metallurgist and scientific adviser to the defence minister, worked on the suggestion by the then Defence minister,. Venkataraman on a proposal for simultaneous development of a quiver of missiles instead of taking planned missiles one after another.
This was the time of learning and acquisition of knowledge for. abdul Kalam 25 After graduating from the madras Institute of Technology in 1960, kalam joined the aeronautical development Establishment of the defence research and development Organisation (by Press Information Bureau, government of India) as a scientist after becoming a member of the defence research development. He started his career by designing a small hovercraft, but remained unconvinced by his choice of a job at drdo. 26 Kalam was also part of the incospar committee working under vikram Sarabhai, the renowned space scientist. 13 In 1969, kalam was transferred to the Indian Space research Organisation (isro) where he was the project director of India's first Satellite launch Vehicle ( slv -iii) which successfully deployed the rohini satellite in near-earth orbit in July 1980; Kalam had first started work. 1 In 1969, kalam received the government's approval and expanded the programme to include more engineers. 25 Kalam addresses engineering students at iit guwahati In 1963 to 1964, he visited nasa 's Langley research Center in Hampton, virginia ; Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, maryland ; and Wallops Flight Facility.
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14 15 Kalam was the youngest of four brothers and one sister in his thesis family. His ancestors had been wealthy traders and landowners, with numerous properties and large tracts of land. Their business had involved trading groceries between the mainland and the island and to and from Sri lanka, as well as ferrying pilgrims between the mainland and Pamban. As a result, the family acquired the title of "Mara kalam iyakkivar" (wooden boat steerers which over the years became shortened to "Marakier." With the opening of the pamban Bridge to the mainland in 1914, however, the businesses failed and the family fortune and properties. 19 by his early childhood, kalam's family had become poor; at an early age, he sold newspapers to supplement his family's income. In his school years, kalam had average grades but was described as a bright and hardworking san student who had a strong desire to learn.
He spent hours on his studies, especially mathematics. 21 After completing his education at the Schwartz higher Secondary School, ramanathapuram, kalam went on to attend saint Joseph's College, tiruchirappalli, then affiliated with the University of Madras, from where he graduated in physics in 1954. 22 he moved to madras in 1955 to study aerospace engineering in Madras Institute of Technology. 13 While kalam was working on a senior class project, the dean was dissatisfied with his lack of progress and threatened to revoke his scholarship unless the project was finished within the next three days. Kalam met the deadline, impressing the dean, who later said to him, "I was putting you under stress and asking you to meet a difficult deadline". 23 he narrowly missed achieving his dream of becoming a fighter pilot, as he placed ninth in qualifiers, and only eight positions were available in the iaf. 24 Career as a scientist This was my first stage, in which I learnt leadership from three great teachers—Dr vikram Sarabhai, prof Satish Dhawan and Dr Brahm Prakash.
He spent the next four decades as a scientist and science administrator, mainly at the. Defence research and development Organisation (drdo) and, indian Space research Organisation (isro) and was intimately involved in India's civilian space programme and military missile development efforts. 1, he thus came to be known as the. Missile man of India for his work on the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology. 2 3 4, he also played a pivotal organisational, technical, and political role in India's. Pokhran-ii nuclear tests in 1998, the first since the original nuclear test by India in 1974.
5 Kalam was elected as the 11th President of India in 2002 with the support of both the ruling Bharatiya janata party and the then-opposition Indian National Congress. Widely referred to as the "People's President 6 he returned to his civilian life of education, writing and public service after a single term. He was a recipient of several prestigious awards, including the Bharat Ratna, india's highest civilian honour. While delivering a lecture at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong, kalam collapsed and died from an apparent cardiac arrest on, aged. 7 Thousands including national-level dignitaries attended the funeral ceremony held in his hometown of Rameshwaram, where he was buried with full state honours. 8 Contents Early life and education avul pakir jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam was born on to a tamil Muslim family in the pilgrimage centre of Rameswaram on Pamban Island, then in the madras Presidency and now in the State of Tamil Nadu. His father jainulabdeen was a boat owner and imam of a local mosque; 9 his mother Ashiamma was a housewife. His father owned a ferry that took hindu pilgrims back and forth between Rameswaram and the now uninhabited Dhanushkodi.
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So a have connect to sbi bank, or the bank officials are not doing enough to get the card. The major industry is tourism, his descendants continue to manage the plantations under the names msp plantations and msp coffee. This article is about the former President of India. For the Indian freedom fighter, see. In this, indian name, the name, avul pakir jainulabdeen is a patronymic, plan not a family name, and the person should be referred to by the given name, abdul Kalam. Avul pakir jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam ( /æbdəl kəlɑm/ biography ( listen ) was an Indian scientist who served as the 11th, president of India from 2002 to 2007. He was born and raised. Rameswaram, tamil Nadu and studied physics and aerospace engineering.
30000 insurance coverage if they comply with certain specification of the scheme which includes opening an account by january 26, 2015 and having an accidental insurance coverage of over. The account holder can take loan benefit of up. 5000 from the bank after six months from opening the account. Though the amount might seem insignificant for many but we have to realize the scheme is directed mostly towards people below the poverty line and who are struggling desperately to sustain their everyday living. The loan benefit can be a scintilla of hope for those people who could utilize the loan amount and invest it in a more profitable outcome, particularly in farming or other agricultural prospect. Though the technology of using smart phones to conduct our bank transactions is not novel anymore but the pmjdy scheme will allow its account holders to avail the same facilities of checking balance and transferring funds through a normal cell phone which is more affordable. Hence pm jan Dhan Yojana is indeed a prosperous venture and we certainly hope the Prime minister and the mass economy are both professional benefited through this new venture., so he is no more so far! Dindugul bye pass; satellite data from the year 1997 to 2014 with path and row. Augmenting the efforts made in the 1st phase, a vast spatial data have been generated through gis projects undertaken by several Departments.
taken by the Prime minister Narendra modi who started this ambitious project to help the poor become more financially confident through this venture and allowing every citizen the right to have their own bank account and insurance coverage which was previously. The purpose of this scheme will definitely benefit the overall economy of the country and the scheme provides some lucrative benefits which should certainly be availed and considered. Lord Guru is worshipped as Guru Bhagavan from a separate shrine here, with Golden Temple car. So she first went to state bank, this temple is the last one of the six Holy Abodes. After form submission — richardson during the same period. Yercaud being a rural township it lacks any urban population. Botanical garden is situated in Yercaud this temple is the third among the six Holy Abodes. Under the pmjdy scheme the account holders will be given worth.
Gk & Current Affairs quiz: June 05, 2018 - general