Contains lists of resources for writing instruction and explains how to link writing assessment and writing intervention. Has published writing lessons from the uw research program that can be downloaded. Is in the "pal ii test Battery for reading and Writing.". "Evidence-based interventions for students with learning and behavioral challenges" (pp. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates (LEA). "Writing Instruction and Assessment for Struggling Writers From Theory to evidence based Practices." New York: guilford. Book on evidence-based Issues in Motivation for Writing (Social/Emotional Issues). "Motivation in writing" (pp.
Preschool Phonics Worksheets, letters of the, alphabet
She's put together a list of resources for teaching resume writing. You can find it, along with the first part of our interview, at our Web site, m/wordmaster. AA: Where you can also send us comments and get our weekly podcast. And that's wordmaster for this week. With Rosanne skirble, i'm avi arditti. the following was prepared. D., director of the University of Washington Literacy Trek write Stuff Intervention Project and Longitudinal Study, and the multidisciplinary learning Disabilities Center: books on evidence-based Writing Instruction. Graham,., macArthur,., fitzgerald,. "Best practices in writing instruction." NY: guilford. "Process Assessment of the learner ii users guide." San Antonio, tx: Harcourt/PsyCorp. (CD format) isbn second revision issued August 2008.
AA: "What do you think, based on all your experience - i mean, what we hear now is, we see the kids texting and typing on their computers and so forth, do you have any sense. I know your research is restricted to the younger kids, but in terms of idea expression or creativity, do you have any sort of hunches of what this is meaning? Because the trend seems to be away from handwriting, the old fashioned way, more toward computer mediated writing.". Virginia berninger: "We haven't done the studies with adolescents. There are some people in other countries doing this research now, and I'm aware of some that are finding similar things. We do know from a lot of writing research that computers are very, very good for the revision process. It may just be that that first draft benefits by producing it by hand.". RS: Virginia berninger is a professor of educational psychology at the University dates of Washington in seattle.
AA: "I'm curious, how common is it from your experience, that writing is taught in isolation? In just drill-and-kill, maybe is what you might call.". Virginia berninger: "Now a colleague of mine, steve graham, does surveys of teachers' practices, and he finds either teachers are only teaching handwriting and spelling incidentally - you know, when they think it's appropriate, it's very casual - or they're very into the skills, you. "From my experience working in the schools, literature there are fewer people integrating the teaching of the handwriting and spelling with the idea expression. They either do writers' workshop and idea expression and social context, or they work on skills for the sake of skills - kind of drill in isolation, the old penmanship model. That's not what our research is showing works. It's the combining of the two approaches: writing for idea expression, and then teaching the transcription skills.".
Virginia berninger: "We teach a strategy - and this was developed by jennifer Katahira in the seattle public schools - 'what I think, i can say. What I say, i can write.' so the teacher models a very, very short sentence. Starting with kindergarten, it might be a sentence or two long. Then the children think out loud, and they use little cue cards that help them with forming letters and getting sounds that go with letters. "so as they say their ideas out loud, they then think about the sounds and the letters that go with. They write it down. At the end they always read it to their writing buddies. We have audience from the beginning. And what we found, when children do that kind of writing, they actually become very good readers, too.".
Calligraphy - latin- alphabet handwriting, britannica
The children also wrote the words faster, and they wrote more complete sentences. AA: But while children should learn good penmanship, berninger says teaching handwriting just by itself misses the point. Virginia berninger: "What our research and other people's research is showing is, starting around kindergarten, first grade, kids really do best when you integrate writing with the reading and you start with idea expression. You have them put their ideas on paper, and then you build into that some instruction in handwriting and spelling. "But the ultimate goal is to express their ideas. And they can. We do not recommend drill of handwriting or spelling in isolation.
It is always taught in a way for the children to transfer it, to idea expression, which is the true essay purpose of writing. And that cognitive writing emerges around age six.". AA: "And you're saying it should be taught that way.". Virginia berninger: "Oh, absolutely. rS: "What I hear you saying is that it should be taught in context, which is how language - second language learners learn a language. Or any language learner learns a language best.".
As you might have noticed, the classical Roman Latin alphabet only has what we called "upper case or majuscule, letters. So where did "lower case or minuscule, letters come from? By the 4th century ce, a semi-cursive style called uncial was being used for handwriting. Uncial is considered a majuscule style but with rounded letters. Eventually this evolved into the minuscule style by the 8th century.
Originally the two styles were used separately, majuscules for monumental inscription, and minuscules for manuscripts. However, during the reign of Charles the Great (early 9th century ce) the carolingian Reform forced the merging of the two styles and the creation of the "dual alphabet". With this, our modern Roman alphabet was born. Org/voa/wm, download MP3 (Right-click or option-click the link. aa: I'm avi arditti with Rosanne skirble, and this week on wordmaster: we're back with Virginia berninger, an educational psychology professor at the University of Washington in seattle. RS: A study she and her colleagues did found that children in fourth and sixth grade wrote longer essays when they were writing by hand than when they were typing on a keyboard.
Stamp, handwriting, pages, the, kindergarten
And by rome's Republican period (3rd century writing bce the latin alphabet has evolved to the "modern" form: The letters y and Z were added for to write Greeks loan words during the early Imperial period (1st century bce). With these two additions, the latin alphabet at the late antiquity was nearly identical to most Western European alphabets. During the middle ages, new letters were created by slightly modifying an existing letter. The letter I was used for both i and y, and so j was created from to represent the y semi-vowel. Similarly, v doubles as u and w, and so u was created to denote u while v stood for v only. Still later, the letter W was created in Germanic-speaking regions from doubling U to represent the v sound (while the letter V shifted to represent f). This doubling trick is also found in other places such as Spanish where the letter ñ originated from the.yardage
Similarly, the latins "resurrected" the letters o and d, which were not used in Etruscan but kept for paper tradition. The letter f, which in Etruscan represented the sound v, was eventually reused for. Etruscan wrote the f sound with the digraph. Hf, a convention also used in the earliest Latin inscriptions. The latins also took q and used it for their kw sound most likely since it already appears in front of v in Etruscan. Slowly the latin alphabet became increasingly standardized. Writing direction settled on left-to-right toward the 5th or 4th century bce, and letter shapes became more or less the same in Latium.
in the last 500 years, the latin alphabet (with local modifications) is probably the most ubiquitous writing system in the world. Even though the latin alphabet is essentially what you're seeing in front of you, the original version was quite different. As Latium (the region where latin is spoken and Rome is located) and Etruria (the region where Etruscan is spoken) are adjacent to each other, the very first examples of the latin alphabet resemble the. Nearly all the letters were adopted with the same phonetic values and graphical shapes. Also, the direction of writing was like etruscan, either right-to-left, boustrophedon, or even left-to-right for about a hundred years during the 6th century bce (once again influenced by Etruscan fads). On the other hand, the latins did modify the Etruscan alphabet to suit their language. They threw away the signs, and (š, z, ph, th, and kh respectively) because latin didn't have those sounds. On the flip side, latin also had sounds not present in Etruscan. One solution was to invent the letter G by adding a vertical stroke to the letter.
The likes of Carrie, king Kong and proposal The godfather all get the illustrated treatment with subtle hints at their plots and happenings. Creating the letters in under 12 hours is a huge feat in itself and if they can look this good after that short amount of time, we'd love to see what doaly could do with a few more hours. See more work from doaly over on his website. Which illustrated letter is your favourite? Let us know in the comments box below! Quick facts, type, c v alphabetic, genealogy, proto-sinaitic greek. Location, europe, time 700 bce to Present, direction. Left to right, rome was a little quiet town on the shores of the tiber river when her Latin-speaking citizens learned writing from the Etruscans. A few hundred years later, the romans brought their alphabet to wherever they went (more specifically, conquered).
Printable, alphabet, preschool, handwriting, practice pages
Scroll down to see the alphabet in its entirity. Design lovers often love movies too. What's more, they often love a good bit of typography too, so general when we came across this illustrated movie alphabet from. Doaly, it seemed that all our Christmas' had come at once. Depicting each movie title with an illustrated letter, there's something for everyone in here. The task itself was named Project. Doaly set himself the task of creating 26 letters for 26 movies in 12 hours.