Besides the psychological approach, interpretations focusing on sociological aspects which see the samsa family as a portrayal of general social circumstances, have gained a large following as well. 5 Vladimir Nabokov rejected such interpretations, noting that they do not live up to kafkas art. He instead chose an interpretation guided by the artistic detail but categorically excluded any and all attempts at deciphering a symbolical or allegorical level of meaning. Arguing against the popular father complex theory, he observed that it is the sister, more so than the father, who should be considered the cruelest person in the story, as she is the one backstabbing Gregor. As the central narrative theme he makes out the artists struggle for existence in a society replete with philistines that destroys him step by step. Commenting on Kafkas style, he writes: The transparency of his style underlines the dark richness of his fantasy world. Contrast and uniformity, style and the depicted, portrayal and fable are seamlessly intertwined (german: die durchsichtigkeit seines Stils betont den dunklen reichtum seiner Phantasiewelt.
The, metamorphosis, summary
After the metamorphosis, he is forced to return to work in order to support the family financially. His attitude towards his analysis son is harsh; he regards the transformed Gregor with disgust and possibly even fear, and he attacks him on multiple occasions. Samsa is Grete and Gregor's mother. She is initially shocked listing at Gregor's transformation; however, she wants to enter his room. This proves too much for her, thus giving rise to a conflict between her maternal impulse and sympathy, and her fear and revulsion at Gregor's new form. Citation needed The Charwoman edit The Charwoman is an old lady who is employed by the samsa family to help take care of their household duties. Apart from Grete and her father, she is the only person who is in close contact with Gregor. She is the one who notices that Gregor had died and disposes of his body. Interpretation edit like most Kafka works, The metamorphosis tends to entail the use of a religious ( Max Brod ) or psychological interpretation by most of its interpreters. It has been particularly common to read the story as an expression of Kafkas father complex, as was first done by Charles neider in his The Frozen sea: a study of Franz kafka (1948).
2 Grete samsa edit Grete is Gregor's younger sister, who becomes his caretaker after his metamorphosis. Initially Grete and Gregor have a close relationship, but this quickly fades. While Grete initially volunteers to feed him and clean his room, she grows increasingly impatient with the burden and begins to leave his room in disarray out of spite. Her father's initial decision to take care of Gregor may have come from a desire to contribute and be useful to the family, since she becomes angry and upset when the mother cleans his room, and it is made clear that Grete is disgusted by Gregor;. She plays the violin and dreams of going to the conservatory, a dream Gregor had intended to make happen; Gregor had planned on making the announcement on Christmas day. To help provide an income for the family after Gregor's transformation, she starts working as a salesgirl. Grete is also the first to suggest getting rid of Gregor, which causes Gregor to plan his own death. At the end of the story, grete's parents realize that she has become beautiful and full-figured and decide to consider finding her a husband. Samsa is Gregor's father.
This prompts his family to begin working once again. Gregor is writing depicted as isolated from society and often misunderstands the true intentions of others. The name "Gregor Samsa" appears to derive partly from literary works Kafka had read. The Story of young Renate fuchs, by german-Jewish novelist jakob Wassermann (18731934 london is named Gregor Samassa. 1 The viennese author leopold von Sacher-Masoch, whose sexual imagination gave rise to the idea of masochism, is also an influence. Sacher-Masoch wrote venus in Furs (1870 a novel whose hero assumes the name Gregor at one point. A "Venus in furs" literally recurs in The metamorphosis in the picture that Gregor Samsa has hung on his bedroom wall.
Samsa realize that, in spite of going through hardships which have brought an amount of paleness to her face, grete appears to have grown up into a pretty and well-figured lady, which leads her parents to think about finding her a husband. Characters edit, gregor Samsa edit "Gregor Samsa" redirects here. For other uses, see. Gregor is the main character of the story. He works as a traveling salesman in order to provide money for his sister and parents. He wakes up one morning finding himself transformed into an insect. After the metamorphosis, Gregor becomes unable to work and is confined to his room for most of the remainder of the story.
The, metamorphosis, short, summary, aaron reyes - academia
One of the lodgers spots Gregor, and the rest become alarmed. Gregor's father tries biz to shove the lodgers back into their rooms, but the three men protest and announce that they will move out immediately without paying rent because of the disgusting conditions in the apartment. Grete, who has by now become tired of taking care of Gregor and is realizing the burden his existence puts on each one in the family, tells her parents they must get rid of Gregor, or they will all be ruined. Her father agrees, wishing Gregor could understand them and would leave of his own accord. Gregor does, in fact, understand and slowly moves back to the bedroom. There, determined to rid his family of his presence, gregor dies, though it is not clear whether the cause of his death was suicide or natural doing causes.
Upon discovering Gregor is dead, the family feels a great sense of relief. The father kicks out the boarders and decides to fire the cleaning lady, who has disposed of Gregor's body. The family takes a trolley ride out to the countryside, during which they consider their finances. They decide to move to a smaller apartment to further save money, an act they were unable to carry out in Gregor's presence. During this short trip,.
Gregor grows more comfortable with his changed body. He begins climbing the walls and ceiling for amusement. Discovering Gregor's new pastime, grete decides to remove some of the furniture to give gregor more space. She and her mother begin taking furniture away, but Gregor finds their actions deeply distressing. He tries to save a picture on the wall of a woman wearing a fur hat, fur scarf, and fur muff.
Gregor's mother sees him hanging on the wall and passes out. Grete angrily calls out to Gregor the first time anyone has spoken directly to him since his transformation. Gregor runs out of the room and into the kitchen. He encounters his father, who has just returned home from work. The father throws apples at Gregor, and one of them sinks into a sensitive spot in his back and remains lodged there, paralyzing his movements for a month and damaging him permanently. Gregor manages to get back into his bedroom but is severely injured. Part iii edit, one evening, the cleaning lady leaves Gregor's door open while three lodgers, whom the family has taken on for additional income, lounge about the living room. Grete has been asked to play the violin for them, and Gregor who usually takes care to avoid crossing paths with anyone in the flat creeps out of his bedroom to listen in the midst of his depression and resultant detachment. The lodgers, who initially seemed interested in Grete, grow bored with her performance, but Gregor is transfixed.
The, metamorphosis, summary from LitCharts The creators of SparkNotes
The next morning, his sister comes in, sees that he has not touched the milk, takes it away and present him with different types of food and Gregor happily eats the rotten food and leaves the fresh food untouched. This begins a routine in which his sister feeds him and cleans up while he hides under the couch, afraid that his appearance will frighten her. Gregor spends his time shredder listening through the wall to his family members talking. They often discuss the difficult financial situation they find themselves in now that Gregor can't provide them any help. Gregor had plans of sending Grete to the conservatory to pursue violin lessons, something everyone else including Grete considered a dream. His inability to provide for his family, paper coupled with his speechlessness, reduces his thought process greatly. Gregor also learns that his mother wants to visit him, but his sister and father will not let her.
Finally, gregor manages write to unlock and open the door with his mouth. He apologizes to the office manager for the delay. Horrified by Gregor's appearance, his mother faints, and the manager bolts out of the apartment. Gregor tries to catch up with him, but his father drives him back into the bedroom with a cane and a rolled newspaper. Gregor injures himself squeezing back through the doorway, and his father slams the door shut. Gregor, exhausted, falls asleep. Part ii edit, gregor awakens and sees that someone has put milk and bread in his room. Initially excited, he quickly discovers that he has no taste for milk, once one of his favorites. He settles himself under a couch.
open. He tries to get out of bed but is incapable of moving his body. While trying to move, he finds that his office manager, the chief clerk, has shown up to check on him. He finally rocks his body to the floor and calls out that he will open the door shortly. Offended by Gregor's delayed response in opening the door, the clerk warns him of the consequences of missing work. He adds that Gregor's recent performance has been unsatisfactory. Gregor disagrees and tells him that he will open the door shortly. Nobody on the other side of the door has understood a single word he had uttered as Gregor's voice has also transformed, and they conclude that he is seriously ill.
Contents, part i edit, one day, gregor Samsa, a traveling salesman, wakes up to find himself transformed into a giant insect (the most common translation of the german description ungeheures Ungeziefer, literally "monstrous vermin. He reflects on how dreary life as a traveling salesman. As he looks at the wall clock, he notices that he has overslept and missed his train for work. He ponders the consequences of this delay. Gregor becomes annoyed at how his boss never accepts excuses or explanations from any of his employees no matter how hard-working they are, displaying biography an apparent lack of trusting abilities. Gregor's mother knocks on the door, and he answers her. She is concerned for Gregor because he is late for work, which is unorthodox for him.
The, metamorphosis, summary, superSummary
This article london is about the literary work by Franz kafka. For the biological process, see. For other uses, see, metamorphosis (disambiguation). The metamorphosis german : die verwandlung ) is a novella written. Franz kafka which was first published in 1915. One of Kafka's best-known works, The metamorphosis tells the story of salesman Gregor Samsa who wakes one morning to find himself inexplicably transformed into a huge insect and subsequently struggling to adjust to this new condition. The novella has been widely discussed among literary critics, with differing interpretations being offered.