Usually koreans read the poem as a pathetic but dignified "end-of-affair" speech and explain (or even translate) the last line as meaning the opposite to what it says. Although the grammatical forms indicate time- yet-to-come (no future tense in Korean the poem is read as the report of a present parting. Any attempt to read it in a more nuanced way is liablt to be rejected with cries of outrage. Suggesting that there is a tension, that the disgust and departure are imagined as lying in the future in speech addressed to the man within a relationship strong enough for the very idea of parting to evoke incredulous smiles and provoke feelings of even greater. What follows below is a "suite" of adaptations of the poem in the light of all this, moving progressively in the direction of iconoclasm. Needless to say, none claims to be a strictly literal translation. We ought perhaps to reflect more on the parodic nature of the translator's work as a whole. When seeing me sickens you and you walk out I'll send you off without a word, no fuss.
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To translate such a poem is almost inevitably an act of transgression, since the specific aura that brought it to peer its iconic status can never be reproduced. Kim so-wol (1902-1935) was one of modern Korea's finest lyric poets, undoubtedly. Among his works is one that virtually every korean feels unthinkingly patriotic about. A korean who tries to translate korean poetry into another language usually insists on tackling it first, in part because it is quite simple. It is Korea's most often (mis)translated poem. The poem's title is Chindallae-kkot (Azaleas) and if we transcribe the korean sounds into English alphabet the first stanza goes: nae po'gi'ga yok'kyo'wo ka'sil'tae'ei'nun mal'opsi ko'hi po'nae tu'ri'u'ri'da This, keeping the word order and reproducing the whole poem, would correspond roughly to: me seeing revolted. Yak-mountain in Yong'pyong azaleas ( object) fill-arms you-will-go path-on spread-I-will. Going-you footsteps placed those flowers ( object) lightly crunch tread go-please. Me seeing revolted go-you-will-time-at die-i-even not tears shed-I-will. The speaker is conventionally thought to be a woman. In Korean tradition, women are seen as the bearers of suffering and they certainly have had to put up with an awful lot, usually at the hands of men, although the most often evoked tormentor of younger women is their mother-in-law.
Fiction too is pretty popular, with a recent trend towards multi-volume literary soap-operas, the largest of them now past its seventeenth volume. Naturally enough, the things that please the reading public here are not necessarily designed for a wider readership and although a lot of modern world literature is translated (not often very convincingly it does not always find a wide degree of understanding. Modern Korean literature, as opposed to the traditional forms mostly imitating classical Chinese models, has barely a century of history. Korea was under severe japanese oppression for almost half of that time, when the korean language itself was often banned or under attack. As a result, writing poetry in Korean became a means of nationalistic resistance and the custom grew of seeing certain poems as icons of Korean identity. These essay works were not usually overt declarations of independence but indirect, evocations of themes and situations which might be read in various ways but recognized as essentially korean. These poems were then taught to children, inscribed on stone, memorized by the whole population.
The transition from the old rural culture to the modern urban one underlies a lot of thesis modern Korean literature. Equally if not more challenging is the presence as hidden "subtext" of awareness and memories of the dramas of modern Korean history. The three million dead of the korean War (1950-3) haunt the lines and there is no need to put 1950-3 when writing in Korean. Recent history is often simply referred to by figures: 419 (massacre of students by syngman Rhee in April 1960 518 (beginning of Kwangju uprising during Chon doo-hwan's coup in may 1980 625 (invasion of the south by north Korea in June 1950 and although. "May" is not "hawthorn" in Korea, it is massacre and military coup, demonstrations and martyrdom. Poetry is still a popular art in Korea, although poetry performances are virtually unknown. Go into the big bookstores and you will find dozens of schoolchildren avidly reading the latest poetry collections, some of which sell in thousands or more. There are upward of two thousand published poets alive in Korea today.
One of our great problems, naturally, is how to translate the vocabulary of a different culture: the pain/Brot problem. So many aspects of everyday life, assumed by the writers to be familiar to the readers, correspond to nothing outside of Korea. This is particularly a problem in the many works that depend for their effect on the immense difference between the traditional life-style of the village house in which most Koreans alive today grew up and the urban apartment in which they are now living. Evocations of the sunlight (or better, moonlight) falling on, or of the wind shaking, the paper covering the sliding fretwork window or door of the rooms cannot awaken fond memories in translation. Yet in the original they are not "exotic" but homely. Koreans translating seamus heaney's work find themselves confronting similar problems. Plants and tools are different, and we have no peat-bogs.
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Translating Kim so-wol's "Azaleas translating, korean poetry by Brother Anthony (An Sonjae this text was published in the review. Modern, poetry in Translation, volume 13 (1998 it is quite difficult to writing describe the problems facing translators from languages such as Korean, which use a different system of writing and which are totally unlike english in structure as well as cultural context. From time to time articles are seen discussing the problems involved in translating Japanese; since korean is very similar to japanese as a poly- syllabic agglutinating language employing a huge number of Chinese loan-words, the difficulties sound familiar. Ever since walter Benjamin pointed out that French pain and German. Brot are not the same (besides, neither corresponds to sliced wholemeal from Marks and probably well before that, it has been obvious that translation is an approximative science, or perhaps an ambivalent art. Translation is in some ways easier when working from a language like.
Korean, which has no articles and no consistent distinction between singulars and plurals, always puts the verb at the end, and does not necessarily give every verb a defined subject. At least we know what we are changing. In addition, korean poetry is often rendered more "poetic" by the use of suspended clauses and broken grammatical structures. In order to give added semantic depth, recourse may be made to more or less recondite. Chinese characters or to archaic or dialect vocabulary from the native language (which is not written in the Chinese ideogrammes but in a set of phonetic symbols invented in the 15th century). Much of the effect in certain highly acclaimed poets' works is due to their exploitation of vernacular idiom and the rhythms of language rooted in a not yet fully extinct rural oral culture. None of these elements can be adequately represented in translation.
Spoken in: Korea, region: East Asia, korean is spoken by more than 72 million people living on the korean peninsula. Although it differs slightly in spelling, alphabet, and vocabulary between the two regions, korean is the official language of both south Korea and North Korea. Outside of the korean peninsula, there are about two million people in China who speak korean as their first language, another two million in the United States, 700,000 in Japan, and 500,000 in the russian regions of kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. The korean language has five major dialects in south Korea and one in North Korea. Despite the geographical and socio-political dialect differences, korean is relatively homogeneous, being mutually understandable among speakers from different areas.
Total speakers: 78 million. Official language of: North Korea and south Korea. Free", statistics: - south Korea (47,000,000) - north Korea (20,000,000) - china (1,920,597) - united States (800,000) - japan (670,000) - uzbekistan (183,000) - russia (107,000) - kazakhstan (103,000) - saudi Arabia (66,000) - canada (29,000) - kyrgyzstan (18,000) - germany (14,000) - tajikistan. "Hangul" consists of 24 letters - 14 consonants and 10 vowels - that are written in blocks of 2 to 5 characters. Unlike the Chinese writing system (including Japanese "Kanji "Hangul" is not an ideographic system. The shapes of the individual "Hangul" letters were designed to model the physical morphology of the tongue, palate and teeth. Up to five letters join to form a syllabic unit.
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Parents are encouraged to give their children Korean rather than Chinese-type names. Nonetheless, approximately 300 revelation Chinese characters are still taught in North Korean schools. North Koreans refer to their language as "Cultured Language" ( munhwa which uses the regional dialect of p'yongyang as its standard. The "Standard Language" ( p'yojuno ) of south Korea is based on the seoul dialect. North Korean sources vilify Standard Language book as "coquettish" and "decadent corrupted by English and Japanese loanwords, and full of nasal twangs. Two documents, or "instructions by kim Il Sung, "Some Problems Related to the development of the korean Language promulgated in 1964, and "On the development of the national Language: Conversations with Linguists published in 1966, define basic policy concerning Cultured Language. Custom search, source:.
It word is unclear to what extent the honorific language and its grammatical forms have been retained in the north. However, according to a south Korean scholar, kim Il Sung "requested people to use a special, very honorific deference system toward himself and his family and, in a 1976 publication, our Party's Language policy, rules formulated on the basis of Kim Il Sung's style. During the colonial period, large numbers of Chinese character compounds coined in Japan to translate modern Western scientific, technical, social science, and philosophical concepts came into use in Korea. The north Korean regime has attempted to eliminate as many of these loanwords as possible, as well as older terms of Chinese origin; Western loanwords are also being dropped. P'yongyang regards hancha, or Chinese characters, as symbols of "flunkeyism" and has systematically eliminated them from all publications. Klloja (The worker the monthly kwp journal of the central Committee, has been printed exclusively in han'gl since 1949. An attempt has also been made to create new words of exclusively korean origin.
result, it was scorned and relegated to women and merchants. Scholars of linguistics consider the script one of the most scientific ever devised; it reflects quite consistently the phonemes of the spoken Korean language. Although the Chinese and Korean languages are not related in terms of grammatical structure, a large percentage of the korean vocabulary has been derived from Chinese loanwords, a reflection of China's long cultural dominance. In many cases, there are two words-a chinese loanword and an indigenous Korean word-that mean the same thing. The Chinese-based word in Korean often has a bookish or formal nuance. Koreans select one or the other variant to achieve the proper register in speech or in writing, and to make subtle distinctions in accordance with established usage. There is considerable divergence in the korean spoken north and south of the dmz.
Both Korean and Japanese possess what is sometimes called "polite" or "honorific" language, the use of different levels of speech in addressing persons of superior, inferior, or equal rank. These distinctions depend both on the use of different vocabulary and on basic structural differences in the words employed. For example, in Korean, the imperative "go" can be rendered kara for speaking to an inferior or a child, kage to an adult inferior, kao or kaseyo to a superior, and kasipsio to a person of still higher rank. The proper use of polite language, or of the levels of polite language, is extremely complex and subtle. Like japanese, korean is extremely sensitive to the nuances of hierarchical human relationships. Two people who meet for the first time are expected to use the more distant or formal terms, but they will shift to more informal or "equal" terms if they become friends. Younger people invariably use formal language in addressing elders; the latter use "inferior" terms in "talking down" to those who are younger. The korean language may be written summary using a mixture of Chinese characters ( hancha ) and a native korean alphabet known as han'gl, or in han'gl alone. Han'gl was invented by scholars at the court of King Sejong (1418-50 not solely to promote literacy among the common people as was sometimes claimed, but also, as Professor Gari.
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Text to translate from english to korean, english korean translator, translator, translation, translate, online, language, text, word, dictionary, translate from all languages you need. English Russian text translation. Translations for every purpose. North Korea table of Contents, there is a consensus among linguists that Korean is a member of the Altaic family of languages, which originated in northern essay Asia and includes the mongol, turkic, finnish, hungarian, and Tungusic (Manchu) languages. Although a historical relationship between Korean and Japanese has not been established, the two languages have strikingly similar grammatical structures. Both, for example, employ particles after nouns to indicate case (the particle used to indicate "of" as in "the wife. Li" is no in Japanese and ui in Korean).