But the authorities had to release him because he was a minor. Later on, he joined the congress party and became the president of Allahabad congress committee. In the meantime, he got married to lalita devi without accepting anything in dowry and presented an example to the society. Lal Bahadur Shastri was a man of honour and honesty. He played a very active role in Salt movement and for that he spent nine years in prison. He made a valuable contribution to quit India movement.
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His birth place was Mughalsarai in Uttar Pradesh. His father was a teacher and thesis a man of integrity and honesty. The fact that, lal Bahadur Shastri dropped his surname Shrivastava as a symbolic gesture of protest against the prevailing caste summaries system, says a lot about his beliefs and principles. Interestingly, the surname Shastri was given to him as an award when he completed his graduation from kasha vidyapeeth, varanasi. The title Shastri means a scholar. Shastri ji lost his father when he was just one. His mother took care of Lal Bahadur and his two sisters. Lal Bahadur Shastris foray into Indian freedom happened because of his fascination for inspiring stories and speeches of the national leaders. He was an avid reader and used to read books by karl Marx and Lenin etc. This influenced his life in a major way and he decided to join the Indian Nationalist movement. He actively participated in Non-cooperation movement and was arrested for.
He had always been identified with the interests of the working class and peasants since the days of his involvement with the freedom struggle, and now gps his popularity agree. But his triumph was short-lived: invited in January 1966 by the russian Premier, Aleksei kosygin, to tashkent for a summit with General Muhammad ayub Khan, President of pakistan and commander of the nation's armed forces, Shastri suffered a fatal heart attack hours after signing. Shastri's body was brought back to India, and a memorial, not far from the national memorial to mahatma gandhi, was built to honor him. It says, in fitting testimony to Shastri, ". Jai jawan, jai kisan " honor the soldier, honor the farmer. He is, however, a largely forgotten figure, another victim of the engineering of India's social memory by Indira gandhi and her clan. Back to, independent India. Born on October 2, 1904, lal Bahadur Shastri was the son of Sharada Prasad Shrivastava and Ramdulari devi.
India and pakistan signed the joint declaration under Russian mediation. Under the treaty India agreed to return to pakistan all the territories occupied by it during the war. The joint declaration was signed on January 10, 1966 and Lal Bahadur Shastri died of heart attack on the same night. Lal Bahadur Shastri, l al Bahadur Shastri (born 1904) succeeded Jawaharlal Nehru as Prime minister of India in dates 1964. Though eclipsed by such stalwarts of the congress party as Kamaraj (the kingmaker) and Morarji desai, finance minister in Nehru's government, Shastri emerged as the consensus candidate in the midst of party warfare. He had not been in power long before he had to attend to the difficult biography matter of pakistani aggression, as represented by India, along the rann of Kutch; and though a cease-fire under the auspices of the United Nations put a temporary halt to the. While pakistan claimed that a spontaneous uprising against the Indian occupation of Kashmir had taken place, india charged pakistan with fomenting sedition inside its territory and sending armed raiders into jammu and Kashmir from azad Kashmir. Shastri promised to meet force with force, and by early september the second Indo-pakistan war had commenced. Though the Indian army reached the outskirts of Lahore, shastri agreed to withdraw Indian forces.
After the death of Jawaharlal Nehru in 1964, lal Bahadur Shastri was unanimously elected as the Prime minister of India. It was a difficult time and the country was facing huge challenges. There was food shortage in the country and on the security front pakistan was creating problems. In 1965, pakistan tried to take advantage of India's vulnerability and attacked India. Mild-mannered Lal Bahadur Shastri rose to the occasion and led the country ably. To enthuse soldiers and farmers he coined the slogan of "jai jawan, jai kisan". Pakistan lost the war and Shastriji's leadership was praised all over the world. In January 1966, to broker peace between India and pakistan, russia mediated a meeting between Lal Bahadur Shastri and ayub Khan in Tashkent, russia.
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When govind Vallabh Pant became the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, he appointed Lal Bahadur Shastri as his Parliamentary secretary. In 1947, lal Bahadur Shastri became the minister of Police and Transport in Pant's Cabinet. Lal Bahadur Sastri was the general Secretary of the congress Party when the first general elections were held after India became republic. Congress Party returned to power with a huge majority. In 1952, jawahar Lal Nehru appointed Lal Bahadur Shastri as the railways and Transport Minister in the central Cabinet. Lal Bahadur Shastri's contribution investigation in providing more facilities to travelers in third class compartments cannot be forgotten. He reduced the vast disparity between the first class and third class in the railways.
Lal Bahadur Shastri resigned from railways in 1956, owning moral responsibility for a railway accident. Jawaharlal Nehru tried to persuade Shastriji but Lal Bahadur Shastri refused to budge from his stand. By his action Lal Bahadur Shastri set new standards of morality in public life. In the next general elections when Congress returned to power, lal Bahadur Shastri became the minister for Transport and Communications and later the minister for Commerce and Industry. He became the home minister in 1961, after the death of govind Vallabh Pant. In the 1962 India-china war Shastriji played a key role in maintaining internal security of the country.
In jail Shastriji became familiar with the works of western philosophers, revolutionaries and social reformers. Lal Bahadur Shastri had great self respect. Once when he was in prison, one of his daughters fell seriously ill. The officers agreed to release him out for a short time but on condition that he should agree in writing not to take part in the freedom 'movement during this period. Lal Bahadur did not wish to participate in the freedom movement during his temporary release from prison; but he said that he would not give it in writing.
He thought that it was against his self-respect to give it in writing. After Second World War started in 1939, congress launched "Individual Satyagraha" in 1940 to demand freedom. Lal Bahadur Shastri was arrested during Individual Satyagraha and released after one year. On August 8, 1942, gandhiji gave the call for quit India movement. Lal Bahadur actively participated in the movement. He went underground but was later arrested. Lal Bahadur Shastri was released in 1945 along with other major leaders. He earned the praise of Pandit govind Vallabh Pant by his hard work during the 1946 provincial elections. Lal Bahadur's administrative ability and organization skills came to the fore during this time.
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In 1926, lal Bahadur earned the listing degree of "Shastri" After leaving Kashi vidya peeth, lal Bahadur Shastri joined "The servants of the people society which Lala lajpat rai had started in 1921. The aim of the society was to train youths that were prepared to dedicate their lives in the service of the country. In 1927, lal Bahadur Shastri married Lalitha devi. The marriage ceremony was very simple and Shastriji took only a charkha (spinning wheel) and few yards of Khadi in dowry. In 1930, gandhiji gave the call for list civil Disobedience movement. Lal Bahadur Shastri joined the movement and encouraged people not to pay land revenue and taxes to the government. He was arrested and put in jail for two and a half years.
By that time he had passed the sixth standard examination. He went to varanasi for higher education. In 1921 when Mahatma gandhi launched the non-cooperation reading movement against British government, lal Bahadur. Shastri, was only seventeen years old. When Mahatma gandhi gave a call to the youth to come out of government schools and colleges, offices and courts and to sacrifice everything for the sake of freedom, lal Bahadur came out of his school. Though his mother and relatives advised him not to do so, he was firm in his decision. Lal Bahadur was arrested during the non-cooperation movement but as he was too young he was let off. After his release lal Bahadur joined Kashi vidya peeth and for four years he studied philosophy.
six years old. One day, while returning from school, lal Bahadur and his friends went to an orchard that was on the way to home. Lal Bahadur Shastri was standing below while his friends climbed the trees to pluck mangoes. Meanwhile, the gardener came and caught hold of Lalbahadur Shastri. Bahadur Shastri and started beating him. Lal Bahadur Shastri pleaded to gardener to leave him as he was orphan. Taking pity on Lal Bahadur, the gardener said, "Because you are an orphan, it is all the more important that you must learn better behavior." These words left a deep imprint on Lal Bahadur Shastri and he swore to behave better in the future. Lal Bahadur stayed at his grandfather's house till he was ten.
To mobilize the support of country during the war he coined the slogan of "Jai. Lal Bahadur Sastri also played a key role. He led his life with great simplicity and honesty and was a great source of inspiration for all the countrymen. Lal Bahadur Shastri was born. October 2, 1904 at Mughalsarai, uttar Pradesh. His parents were Sharada Prasad and Ramdulari devi. Lal Bahadur's surname was Srivastava but he dropped it as he did not want to indicate his caste. Lal Bahadur's father was a school teacher and later on he became a clerk in the revenue office. Though Sharada Prasad was poor, he lived a life of honesty and integrity.
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Here is a brief biography and history of Shri lal. Read information on life of Lal Bahadur Sastri. Born: October 2, 1904, died: January 10, 1966, achievements: Played a leading role in Indian freedom struggle; became parliamentary secretary of Pandit govind Vallabh Pant, the then chief minister of Uttar Pradesh; became the minister of Police and. Transport in Pant's Cabinet; appointed night as the railways and Transport. Minister in the central Cabinet; also held the portfolios of Transport communications, commerce and Industry, and Home ministry in the central cabinet; became Prime minister of India in 1964; led India to victory over pakistan in 1965 war. Lal Bahadur Shastri was the second Prime minister of independent India. Though diminutive in physical stature he was a man of great courage and will. He successfully led country during the 1965 war with pakistan.