These skills are to be acquired through teaching activities involving one or several or cross-cutting through different disciplines. The aim is to pass the C2i level 1 before the end of the "licence" (bachelor degree) cycle. Teaching Methods As for the curricula, each institution is responsible for its teaching organisation. For university teaching, there are nevertheless national regulations setting the general provisions for the organisation of teaching. Training is mainly dispensed in the form of lectures, tutorials and practical work which the university is required to balance according to the purposes of each course. Progression of Students In order to guarantee consistent teaching, universities define the rules of progress within the framework of the courses they organise, in particular the conditions whereby a student can take various teaching units (UEs) proposed. This organisation allows reorientation by setting up gateways.
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The offer is progressively enriched by new languages. The cles is aimed at students in initial training: all students enrolled in any type of higher education institution, regardless of their year, as long as they are not specialists in the cles certification language that they want to take. For example: an English student cannot take an English cles (regardless the cles level) but can take a senior spanish cles to certify his/her skills in this language which is not his/her specialist language. Students can in fact take any cles level at any time in their university career. Moreover, the circular dated introduced the it and internet certificate (C2i level 1) to give students the skills needed to continue higher education and to assess their skills according to technological developments. All universities have now set up C2i level. In view of the increasingly important role played by information and communication technology in society, the provisions of circular. Of pecify the approved institutions, relevant target groups, preparatory training to be taken by students enrolled in an institution, certification conditions, follow-up and transitory provisions. According to these provisions, the preparation for certification should, whenever possible, start in the first year of the "licence" (bachelor degree) cycle, in particular, in the course of the first semester and be integrated into institutions' lmd models. Moreover, the skills targeted by the C2i level 1 are developed in the repository that covers 44 skills divided into 9 domains:. E.: general and cross-cutting aptitudes: take the scalable features of it and communication technology; integrate the moral dimension and respect for ethics; Practical know-how: appropriate the work environment; search for information; save, secure, archive data locally or in a network or using a wireless system;.
Curricula include teaching of university work methods and documentary resources. The courses are organised as compulsory teaching units summary (UE) chosen freely by the student and optional teaching units if applicable. Training includes appropriate modern languages and the use of it tools. The certificat de compétences en Langues de lEnseignement Supérieur (cles - higher Education Language competence certificate created by the order of, is a certificate accredited by the department of Education and endorsed by the common European framework of reference for Languages (cecrl). It evaluates students' operational communication skills in several languages. The cles is a complete certification system as it directly assesses 5 competences: oral comprehension; written comprehension; written production; oral production and oral interaction. It is currently available in 9 languages: English, german, Spanish, portuguese, italian, Arabic, polish, modern Greek and Russian.
Holders of foreign qualifications or diplomas may apply for their validation. The president of the university or head of the institution decides on that validation after recommendation by the teaching commission. Curriculum The order of bearing on university education leading to the "licence" (bachelor degree) structures training into six semesters and business organises it into domains in the form of standard initial and continuing training courses. The courses target the objectives defined for the following diplomas: deug and "licences" governed by the order of, multidisciplinary "licences" governed by order of, public administration "licence" governed by the order of, dut governed by the order of, deust governed by the order of (destined. Depending on training objectives, while ensuring that students acquire general culture, it can include elements of pre-professionalisation, professionalisation, individual or collective projects and one or several work placements. The law of on equal opportunities includes a compulsory work placement agreement, a limitation in the length of work placements outside educational courses to six months and compulsory remuneration for courses longer than two consecutive months. Signed on, the "Charter of student placements in companies" clarifies the role of the higher education institution, the host company and the student required to put his/her knowledge into practice. The placement charter also provides three new guarantees aimed at securing work placement: statutory mentoring by a teacher and a member of the company; a standard agreement binding the three signatories: the teacher, the member of the company and the student; the introduction of assessment. Pursuant to the principles of the placement charter, each teaching institution, within the framework of its training policy, elaborates a placement policy that will be assessed as part of the contract binding the State and the institution.
Académies with the lowest baccalauréat success rates are the target of action conducted since 2008. A special effort is focused on universities which, in these académies, prepare students for the daeu so that they may: better inform potential students of this training, through appropriate communication; strengthen the teaching framework; develop distance learning. The "capacité en droit" is a short course (2 years) dispensed by law faculties and preparing students without the baccalauréat for legal and administrative professions. In certain conditions, it opens access to long higher education. Access to the "capacité en droit" training is accessible without conditions from the age. "Capacité en droit" is considered to be the equivalent of the baccalauréat. However, access to instituts universitaires de technologie (iut - technological university institutes) is selective, based on an application dossier and interview of baccalauréat holders. Access to the different levels of post-baccalauréat training dispensed by an institution supervised by the department of Higher Education and Research - whether a university, institute or public-sector school - can also be authorised after validation of acquired experience.
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To do so, the multiannual plan for success in "licence" (for the period ) was launched in 2007. It involves considerable investments to achieve three major objectives: making the "licence" a national qualification, both for professional integration and further studies; Strongly reducing the failure rate in the first year of "licence contributing to achieving the objective aimed at ensuring that 50. This plan has already allowed universities to motivate their teaching staff to act against failure, ensure personalised follow-up of students and initiate innovative teaching methods. The appraisal of measures implemented is taken into account in the elaboration of five-year contracts between the State and institutions. In France, there is also the professional "licence" (vocational bachelor degree obtained after 3 years of technical higher education. The professional 'licence" course is actually for one year long as it completes a 2-year advanced course of study resulting in a dut or bts.
For this reason, the "licence professionnelle" is classified in the "short higher education cycles". To enrol at university, it is necessary to have the French baccalauréat, an equivalent qualification or dispensation: bearers of the diplôme d'accès aux études universitaires (daeu - diploma opening to university education) or capacité en droit (legal capacity) can access higher education without the baccalauréat. Awarded by universities authorised for that purpose, the daeu is aimed at applicants having interrupted their initial studies for at least two years. It is thus a major means of encouraging a return to studies for students who, for whatever reason, left education too early. The diploma is awarded after a year's training and after successfully passing an individual written and oral examination assessing knowledge and general culture and applicants' methods and know-how according to the requirements of continued higher education. The diplôme d'accès aux études universitaires (daeu - diploma opening to university education) gives the same entitlements as those attached to the baccalauréat. In compliance with the objectives set as part of the "Espoir Banlieues" momentum, the department of Higher Education and Research works in favour of increasing the number of students enrolled for and qualified by the daeu, in particular young people from deprived areas.
Engineering colleges are authorised to issue an engineering diploma and business and management schools are authorised to issue an approved diploma. some private technical higher education institutions can also be recognised by the State for training preparing to pass the Brevet de technicien Supérieur (bts - advanced Technician's Diploma). In this context, only the training is recognised and not the institution itself. First Cycle Programmes, the first cycle programmes is represented by : Bachelors (3-year-course) and some Short-cycle course (2 years of studies corresponding to a first cycle level, mainly concern the industrial, service and paramedical sectors. Bachelor, branches of Study, the "licence" (or bachelor degree) in the lmd system replaced the former university first cycle of studies leading to a " diplôme d'études universitaires générales " (deug) prepared in two years and followed by a "licence" (or bachelor degree) prepared.
University studies leading to the "licence" (LMD) are structured into six semesters (3 university years). They are organised into domains, in the form of standard initial and continuing training courses. These courses lead to the awarding of various "licences" that confirm a validated level by obtaining 180 European credits. They allow the awarding, on the intermediate level, of various types of national diplomas validating a level corresponding to 120 European credits. The courses in particular pursue the goals defined for the diplôme d'études universitaires générales (deug multidisciplinary "licences the public administration "licence the diplôme universitaire de technologie (dut - university technological diploma the diplôme d'études universitaires et techniques (deust - university and technical studies diploma) and. Universities can also organise courses targeting new objectives, either in terms of the "licence" or an intermediate level. One of the objectives of the minister's policy is to reduce the "licence" failure rate.
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Created by decree. Of, its "mission is to train, diffuse scientific culture in society and promote public debate on scientific and technological progress and its impact on society". Is placed under the aegis of the departments of Education and Higher Education and Research. Epas can be linked to an epcscp, by decree, on their request, after approval by the conseil national de lenseignement supérieur et de la recherche (cneser). If they are linked, the institutions maintain their legal status and financial autonomy fuller (Article.719-10 of the Education Code). Private higher education institutes and schools. There are two types of institutions: Free private higher education institutions of which there are 13 (5 of which being Catholic Institutes) governed by the law of relating to the freedom of higher education, which provide university education; Private and consular higher education institutions. Training provided by these institutions, recognised by the State, is approved or supervised by the department of Higher Education.
These two processes are currently redefining the map of universities in France. Etablissements publics à caractère administratif (epa - administrative public institutions). These institutions are very diversified and placed under the aegis of different ministries. The following fall under this category: établissements publics locaux denseignement (eple - local public education institutions) that have classes préparatoires aux grandes écoles (cpge - classes preparing for admission to the Grandes Ecoles) or sections de techniciens supérieurs (sts pretty - advanced vocational institutions scientific "grandes. supervised by the department of Culture; écoles nationales supérieures d'architecture (national architecture colleges supervised by the department of Culture; écoles nationales supérieures d'ingénieurs and écoles nationales dingénieurs (national engineering schools) (eni metz, tarbes, bourges, etc. institut dadministration des entreprises (iae - business administration institute) of Paris, which links up university training and business practice; institut des hautes études pour la science et la technologie (I.H.E.S.T. science and technology institute).
governed by the provisions of chapter vii of the Education Code and their statutory decrees. The following fall under this category: Collège de France, conservatoire national des arts et métiers (cnam ecole centrale des arts et manufactures (ecam ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales (ehess ecole nationale des Chartes (enc ecole nationale supérieure darts et métiers (ensam institut Polytechnique. "Grandes écoles" (elite schools) "Grandes écoles" is a title that covers engineering colleges, "écoles normales supérieures" (ens business schools and veterinarian colleges. These grandes écoles are characterised by a very selective admissions policy and the high level of training and qualifications dispensed (5 years of higher education). Pôles de recherche et denseignement supérieur (pres - higher education research hubs). Since the planning law for research of, higher education institutions can decide to pool together their activities and resources by creating "pôles de recherche et d'enseignement supérieur" (pres - higher education research hubs). Their aim is to create a momentum between the different types of institution (universities, grandes écoles, research organisations) and propose a more consistent and legible research and training system. The development of pres is backed up by the effective autonomy of universities.
they also include internal institutions and schools that dispense technical and short-term training: these are instituts universitaires de technologie (iut - technological university institutes) providing short higher education and instituts universitaires professionnalisés (iup - professional university institutes) awarding engineering year diplomas. Instituts Universitaires de formation des maîtres (iufm - primary teacher training colleges previously administrative public institutions (epa were integrated into universities pursuant to the guidance and Planning Law for the future of Schools of Since, iufms are governed by the provisions of article. 713-9 and, for application of those provisions, are assimilated to schools integrated into universities (article l 721 of the Education Code). As before, iufms receive students training to be teachers, trainee teaching personnel of the two teaching degrees as well as trainee principal education advisers. They also continue to fulfil their missions within the framework of continuing education. The training they dispense has however been redefined by the specifications of primary school training (order of 19 December 2006) and by the implementation circular. 2007-45 of 23 February 2007.
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Structure of the higher Educational database System in France. Admissions to higher Education in France. Types of Higher Education Institutions in France. Cycles of Higher Education in France, types of Higher Education Institutions, the French higher education system is characterised by the coexistence of several types of institution. There are: universities; grands établissements publics (major public institutions grandes écoles (elite schools administrative public institutions; private higher institutions or schools. Universities are scientific, cultural and professional public institutions (E.P.C.S.C.P.) as defined by the 1984 savary law. Organised since 1984 into training and research units (U.F.R.