18 Keneally's government was defeated at the 2011 state election and Barry o'farrell became Premier on 28 March. On o'farrell stood down as Premier after misleading an icac investigation concerning a gift of a bottle of wine. The liberal Party then elected Treasurer mike baird as party leader and Premier. Baird resigned as Premier on, and was replaced by Gladys Berejiklian. Government edit main article: government of New south Wales Executive authority is vested in the governor of New south Wales, who represents and is appointed by Elizabeth ii, queen of Australia. The current governor is david Hurley.
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Greiner was accused (by icac) of corrupt actions involving an allegation that a government position was offered to tempt an independent (who had defected from the liberals) to resign his seat so that the liberal party could regain it and shore up its numbers. Greiner resigned but was later cleared of corruption. His replacement as Liberal leader and Premier was John Fahey whose government secured Sydney the right to host people the 2000 Summer Olympics. In the 1995 election, fahey's government lost narrowly and the alp under Bob Carr role returned to power. The sydney opera house was completed in 1973 and has become a world Heritage site. Like wran before him Carr was able to turn a narrow majority into landslide wins at the next two elections (19). During this era, nsw hosted the 2000 Sydney olympics which were internationally regarded as very successful, and helped boost Carr's popularity. Carr surprised most people by resigning from office in 2005. He was replaced by morris Iemma, who remained Premier after being re-elected in the march 2007 state election, until he was replaced by nathan rees in September 2008. 17 rees was subsequently replaced by Kristina keneally in December 2009.
Askin's resignation in 1975 was followed by a number of short lived premierships by liberal Party leaders. When a general election came in 1976 the alp under neville Wran were returned to power. Wran was able to transform this narrow one seat victory into landslide wins (known as Wranslide) in 19citation needed After winning a comfortable though reduced majority in 1984, Wran resigned as premier and left parliament. His replacement Barrie unsworth struggled to emerge from Wran's shadow and lost a 1988 election against a resurgent Liberal Party led by nick Greiner. Unsworth was replaced as alp leader by bob Carr. Initially Greiner was a popular leader instigating reform such as the creation of the Independent Commission Against Corruption (icac). Greiner called a snap election in 1991 which the liberals were expected to win. However the alp polled extremely well and the liberals lost their majority and needed the support biography of independents to retain power.
Controversy over the cost of what would eventually become the sydney opera house became a political issue and was a factor in the eventual defeat of Labor in 1965 by the conservative liberal Party led by sir Robert Askin. Sir Robert remains a controversial figure with supporters claiming him to be reformist especially in terms of reshaping the nsw economy. Others though, regard the Askin era as synonymous with corruption with Askin the head of a network involving nsw police and sp bookmaking (Goot). A short-lived south maitland railway (SMR) railcar travelling between Weston and Abermain, 1962. The smr is notable for being the second last system in Australia to use steam haulage. In the late 1960s a secessionist movement in the new essay England region of the state led to a referendum on the issue. The new state would have consisted of much of northern nsw including Newcastle. The referendum was narrowly defeated and, as of 2010, there are no active or organised campaigns word for new states in nsw.
In may 1932 the governor, sir Philip Game dismissed his government. The subsequent election was won by the conservative opposition. Japanese pow camp in Cowra, 1944, several weeks before the cowra breakout by the outbreak of World War ii in 1939, the differences between New south Wales and the other states that had emerged in the 19th century had faded as a result of federation. Citation needed new south Wales continued to outstrip Victoria as the centre of industry, and increasingly of finance and trade as well. Citation needed labor returned to office under the moderate leadership of William McKell in 1941 and remained in power for 24 years. World War ii saw another surge in industrial development to meet the needs of a war economy, and also the elimination of unemployment. Post-war period edit labor stayed in power until 1965. Towards the end of its term in power it announced a plan for the construction of an opera/arts facility on Bennelong point. The design competition was won by jørn Utzon.
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As a compromise to the question on where the capital was to be located, an agreement was made that the site was to be within New south Wales but not closer than parent 100 miles (161 km) from Sydney, while the provisional capital would be melbourne. Eventually the area that now forms the australian Capital Territory was ceded by new south Wales when Canberra was selected. Early 20th century edit In the years after World War i, the high prices enjoyed during the war fell with the resumption of international trade. Farmers became increasingly discontented with the fixed prices paid by the compulsory marketing authorities set up as a wartime measure by the hughes government. In 1919 the farmers formed the country party, led at national level by earle page, a doctor from Grafton, and at state level by michael Bruxner, a small farmer from Tenterfield. The Great journal Depression, which began in 1929, ushered in a period of political and class conflict in New south Wales.
The mass unemployment and collapse of commodity prices brought ruin to both city workers and to farmers. The beneficiary of the resultant discontent was not the communist Party, which remained small and weak, but Jack lang 's Labor populism. Lang's second government was elected in november 1930 on a policy of repudiating New south Wales' debt to British bondholders and using the money instead to help the unemployed through public works. This was denounced as illegal by conservatives, and also by james Scullin 's federal Labor government. The result was that Lang's supporters in the federal caucus brought down Scullin's government, causing a second bitter split in the labor Party.
In 1841 it was separated from the colony of New south Wales to form the new Colony of New zealand. Charles Darwin visited Australia in January 1836 and in The voyage of the beagle (chapter 19 of the 11th edition) records his hesitations about and fascination with New south Wales, including his speculations about the geological origin and formation of the great valleys, the aboriginal population. 1901 Federation of Australia edit At the end of the 19th century, the movement toward federation between the australian colonies gathered momentum. Conventions and forums involving colony leaders were held on a regular basis. Proponents of New south Wales as a free trade state were in dispute with the other leading colony victoria, which had a protectionist economy.
At this time customs posts were common on borders, even on the murray river. Travelling from New south Wales to victoria in those days was very difficult. Supporters of federation included the new south Wales premier Sir Henry parkes whose 1889 Tenterfield Speech (given in Tenterfield ) was pivotal in gathering support for New south Wales involvement. Edmund Barton, later to become australia's first Prime minister, was another strong advocate for federation and a meeting held in Corowa in 1893 drafted an initial constitution. In 1898 popular referenda on the proposed federation were held in New south Wales, victoria, south Australia and Tasmania. All votes resulted in a majority in favour, but the new south Wales government under Premier george reid (popularly known as "yesno reid" because of his constant changes of opinion on the issue) had set a requirement for a higher "yes" vote than just. In 1899 further referenda were held in the same states as well as queensland (but not Western Australia). All resulted in yes votes with majorities increased from the previous year. New south Wales met the conditions its government had set for a yes vote.
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1788 British settlement edit The european discovery of New south Wales was made by captain James cook during his 1770 survey along the unmapped eastern coast of the dutch-named continent of New Holland, now Australia. In his original journal(s) covering the survey, in triplicate to satisfy Admiralty Orders, cook first named year the land "New Wales named after Wales. However, in the copy held by the Admiralty, he "revised the wording" to "New south Wales". 13 The first British settlement was made by what is known in Australian history as the first Fleet ; this was led father's by captain Arthur Phillip, who assumed the role of governor of the settlement on arrival in 1714 15 After years of chaos and. 16 During his time as governor, macquarie commissioned the construction of roads, wharves, churches and public buildings, sent explorers out from Sydney and employed a planner to design the street layout of Sydney. Macquarie's legacy is still evident today. Mid-19th century edit during the 19th century, large areas were successively separated to form the British colonies of Tasmania (proclaimed as a separate colony named Van diemen's Land in 1825 south Australia (1836 victoria (1851) and queensland (1859). Responsible government was granted to the new south Wales colony in 1855. Following the Treaty of waitangi, william Hobson declared British sovereignty over New zealand in 1840.
the various states and territories of Australia. However, the Swan river Colony has never been administered as part of New south Wales. Lord Howe Island remains part of New south Wales, while norfolk Island has become a federal territory, as have the areas now known as the australian Capital Territory and the jervis bay territory. Contents History edit main article: History of New south Wales Aborigines (indigenous people) edit main article: Prehistory of Australia the prior inhabitants of New south Wales were the Aboriginal tribes who arrived in Australia about 40,000 to 60,000 years ago. Before european settlement there were an estimated 250,000 Aboriginal people in the region. 11 The wodi wodi people are the original custodians of the Illawarra region of south Sydney. 12 Speaking a variant of the Dharawal language, the wodi wodi people lived across a large stretch of land which was roughly surrounded by what is now known as Campbelltown, shoalhaven river and Moss Vale. 12 The bundjalung people are the original custodians of parts of the northern coastal areas.
The, australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New south Wales' state capital. Sydney, which is also australia's most populous city. In March 2017, the population of New south Wales was over.8 million, 9 making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, five million, live in write the Greater Sydney area. 10, inhabitants of New south Wales are referred. 1 2, the, colony of New south Wales was founded as a penal colony in 1788. It originally comprised more than half of the. Australian mainland with its western boundary set at 129th meridian east in 1825.
Living well after Stroke - stroke
For the historical region of with Canada, see. For other uses, see. 286 kg (630 lb) gold nugget unearthed in 1872 from. Hill End during the gold Rush, new south Wales (abbreviated as, nSW ) is a state on the east coast. It borders, queensland to the north, victoria to the south, and, south Australia to the west. Its coast borders the. Tasman sea to the east.