In an interview, simone explained her fondness for Barbara gordon, stating: "Kim Yale and John Ostrander picked up the character and made her into a brilliant master computer operator and one of the most fascinating characters in comics. From there, chuck dixon did wonderful things with her in his Birds of Prey run. She's fantastic because even just sitting in a chair in a dark room by herself, she's tremendously compelling. The dcu without her would be a much less interesting place." 37 Simone integrates the huntress into the comic, making her a central character in the series as Oracle's secondary field agent. In 2003, comic book authors Scott beatty and Chuck dixon revised Barbara gordon's origin with the miniseries Batgirl: year One. 38 Gordon is a highly gifted child having graduated from high school early, but initially desires to join law enforcement as opposed to vigilantism in the previous origin myths. During the 2004 crossover event Batman: War Games, 39 Black mask commandeers Oracle's computers and satellites and engages in a fight to the death with Batman. In order to prevent Batman from killing his adversary, oracle initiates the Clock tower's self-destruct sequence, provoking Batman to rescue her rather than continue the battle.
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She serves as an information broker, gathering and disseminating intelligence to law enforcement organizations and members of the superhero community. She about trains under the tutelage of Richard Dragon, one of dc's premiere martial artists, to engage in combat (using eskrima ) from her wheelchair. She develops her upper-body strength and targeting skills with both firearms and batarangs. 34 The success of Chuck dixon 's Black canary/Oracle: Birds of Prey (1996) led to the comic series Birds of Prey starring the two title characters. 35 During Chuck dixon's crossover series Nightwing: Hunt for Oracle, 36 Barbara gordon and Dinah Lance meet in person and establish a long-term friendship. They form the nucleus english of the birds of Prey organization. While Oracle serves as the basic head of operations, Black canary becomes her full-time employee and field agent. In 2000, the first Batgirl monthly comic was launched with Cassandra cain as the title character. Oracle appears as a supporting character throughout the series, acting as a mentor to the new Batgirl, alongside batman. Gail Simone took over as writer of Birds of Prey with issue 56.
In 1992, dennis o'neil wrote Oracle as Batman's sole source of information in Batman: Sword of Azrael 1. This newly forged partnership established Oracle's status as Batman's intellectual equal. 32 She is subsequently featured in the 12-issue miniseries The hacker Files (1993). 33 In "Oracle: year One"—a story arc contained in The batman Chronicles 5 (1996)—Yale and Ostrander tell the origin of Barbara gordon's new persona as Oracle. Initially, gordon's paralysis plunges her into a state of reactive depression. However, she soon realizes that her aptitude for and training in information sciences have provided her with tremendous skills that could be deployed to fight crime. In a world increasingly centered on technology and information, she possesses a genius -level intellect; photographic memory ; deep knowledge of computers and electronics; expert skills as a hacker ; and graduate training in library sciences. One night, she has reviews a dream in which an all-knowing woman (similar to Oracle at Delphi of Greek mythology ) has her own face; it's then that she adopts "Oracle" as her codename.
25 She is employed as a plot device to cement the joker's vendetta against Commissioner Gordon and Batman. In 2006, during an interview with wizard, moore expressed regret over his treatment of the character calling it "shallow and ill-conceived." 26 he stated prior to writing the graphic novel, "I asked dc if they had any problem with me crippling Barbara gordon—who was Batgirl. 26 Although there has been speculation as to whether or not editors at dc specifically intended to have the character's paralysis become permanent, Brian Cronin, author of Was Superman a spy?: And Other Comic book legends revealed (2009) noted that dc had hired Barbara kesel. 27 Following the release of the graphic novel, comic book editor and writer Kim Yale discussed how distasteful she found the treatment of Barbara gordon with her husband, fellow comic writer John Ostrander. Rather than allow the character to fall into obscurity, shredder the two decided to revive her as a character living with a disability. 28 gail Simone would include the character's paralysis in a list of "major female characters that had been killed, mutilated, and depowered dubbing the phenomenon " Women in Refrigerators " in reference to a 1994 Green Lantern story where the title character discovers his girlfriend. 29 suicide Squad, birds of Prey and other appearances reviews (19892011) edit yale and Ostrander oversaw the development of Barbara gordon's new persona as Oracle for the next several years. 28 The character made her first comic book appearance as Oracle in suicide Squad 23, anonymously offering her services to the government's Task force. 30 31 In the following two years, Oracle, under pen of Ostrander and Yale, made guest appearances in various dc titles until her identity was revealed to be barbara gordon in suicide Squad 38 (1990) and she officially becomes a member of the Squad.
In Secret Origins 20: Batgirl and the golden Age. Mid-Nite (1987 23 Barbara gordon's origin is rebooted by author Barbara randall. Within the storyline, gordon recounts the series of events that led to her career as Batgirl, including her first encounter with Batman as a child, studying martial arts under the tutelage of a sensei, memorizing maps and blue prints of the city, excelling in academics. Batgirl Special and Batman: The killing joke (1988) edit main article: Batman: The killing joke the joker shoots Barbara gordon in Batman: The killing joke. The injury results in the character's paralysis. Dc officially retired the hero in the one-shot comic Batgirl Special 1 (July 1988 written by barbara kesel. 24 Later that year, barbara gordon appeared in Alan moore's Batman: The killing joke. In this graphic novel, the joker shoots and paralyzes Barbara in an attempt to drive her father insane, thereby proving to batman that anyone can be morally compromised. Although events in The killing joke exert a great impact on the character, the story has little to do with her.
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Batgirl also guest-starred in other Superman related titles such as Adventure comics, and in Superman Family 171, where she teams with Supergirl. The character is given a starring role in dc's Batman Family comic book which debuted in 1975. 19 The original Robin Dick Grayson became her partner in the foreign series and the two were frequently referred to as the "Dynamite duo: Batgirl robin." Batgirl meets Batwoman in Batman Family 10, when the retired superhero briefly returns to crime-fighting (before kane is murdered. The two fight Killer Moth and cavalier, and learn each other's secret identities. Batwoman retires once again at the conclusion of the story, leaving Batgirl to continue crime-fighting. 20 Although this series ended after three years of publication, 21 Batgirl continued to appear in back up stories published in Detective comics through issue 519 (October 1982).
Crisis on Infinite earths, a limited miniseries published in 1985, was written in order to reduce the complex history of dc thesis comics to a single continuity. Although Batgirl is a featured character, her role is relatively small—she delivers Supergirl's eulogy in issue seven of the 12-part series. 22 The conclusion of Crisis on Infinite earths changed dc universe continuity in many ways. Following the reboot, barbara gordon is born to roger and Thelma gordon, and she is Jim Gordon's niece/adopted daughter in current canon. Post- Crisis, supergirl does not arrive on Earth until after Gordon has established herself as Oracle; many adventures she shared with Batgirl are retroactively described as having been experienced by power Girl.
Although Batman insists she give up crime-fighting because of her gender, batgirl disregards his objections. 8 In her civilian identity, barbara gordon,. D., is depicted as a career woman with a doctorate in library science, as well as being head of Gotham City public library, "presumably one of the largest public libraries in the dc comics version of reality." 9 She was given a regular backup slot. Frank robbins wrote nearly all of these backups, which were penciled first by gil Kane and later by don Heck. 5 Barbara gordon's Batgirl exceeded the earlier Bat-Girl and Batwoman characters in popularity, and readers requested for her to appear in other titles.
Although some readers requested that Batwoman also continue to appear in publication, dc responded to the fan-based acclaim and criticism of the new character in an open letter in Detective comics 417 (1971 10 stating: "I'd like to say a few words about the reaction. These are readers who remember Batwoman and the other Bat-girls from years back. They were there because romance seemed to be needed in Batman's life. But thanks to the big change and a foresighted editor, these hapless females are gone for good. In their place stands a girl who is a capable crime-fighter, a far cry from Batwoman who constantly had to be rescued by batman." 11 Batgirl continues to appear in dc comics publications throughout the late 1960s and 1970s, as a supporting character in Detective. 16 In the mid-1970s, batgirl reveals her secret identity to her father (who had already discovered it on his own) and serves as a member of the United States house of Representatives. She moves to washington,. C., intending to give up her career as Batgirl and in June 1972, appeared in a story entitled "Batgirl's Last Case." 17 Julius Schwartz brought her back a year later in Superman 268 (1973 18 in which she has a blind date with Clark kent. Batgirl and Superman team up twice more, in Superman 279 and dc comics Presents 19.
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Schwartz stated that he had roles been asked to develop a new female character in order to attract a female viewership to the batman television series of the 1960s. 4 Executive producer William dozier suggested that the new character would be the daughter of Gotham City's Police commissioner James Gordon, and that she would adopt the identity of Batgirl. 5 When dozier and producer Howie horowitz saw rough concept artwork of the new Batgirl by artist Carmine Infantino during a visit to dc offices, they optioned the character in a bid to help sell a third season to the abc television network. Infantino reflected on the creation of Batgirl, stating "Bob Kane had had a bat-Girl for about three stories in the '50s but she had nothing to do with a bat. She was like a pesky girl version of Robin. I knew we could do a lot better, so julie and I came up with the real Batgirl, who was so popular she almost got her own tv show." 6 yvonne Craig portrayed the character in the show's third season. 7 Barbara gordon and her alter ego batgirl debuted in Detective comics 359, "The million Dollar Debut of Batgirl" (1967 as the daughter of Gotham City's Police commissioner James Gordon. In the debut story, while driving to a costume ball dressed as a female version of Batman, sporting a black bodysuit with yellow gloves, boots, utility belt and a bat-symbol along with a blue cape and cowl (similar to batman's barbara gordon intervenes.
The character has been the subject of academic analysis concerning the roles of women, librarians and disabled people in mainstream media. The events of The killing joke, which led to the character's paralysis, as well as the restoration of her mobility, has also been a subject of debate among comic book writers, artists, editors and readership. Viewpoints range from sexism in comic books, to the limited visibility of disabled characters and the practicality of disabilities existing in a fictional universe where magic, technology, and medical science exceed the limitations of the real world. As both Batgirl and Oracle, barbara gordon has been featured in various adaptations related to the batman franchise, including television, film, animation, video games, and other merchandise. The character has been portrayed by yvonne Craig and Dina meyer and has been voiced by melissa gilbert, tara Strong, danielle judovits, Alyson essay Stoner, mae whitman, kimberly Brooks and Rosario dawson, among others. In 2011, she was ranked 17th in both Comics buyer's guide 's "100 Sexiest Women in Comics" and ign 's "Top 100 Comic books Heroes". 2 3 Contents Publication history edit detective comics, batman Family and other appearances (19671988) edit Prior to the introduction of Barbara gordon, the batwoman character and her sidekick bat-Girl appeared in Batman-related publications, but were eventually removed at the direction of editor Julius Schwartz for.
in her civilian identity, resulting in paraplegia. In subsequent stories, the character was reestablished as a computer expert and information broker known as Oracle. Providing intelligence and computer hacking services to assist other superheroes, she makes her first appearance as Oracle in suicide Squad 23 (1989) and later became a featured lead of the birds of Prey series. Reverting the character to her Batgirl persona, dc comics relaunched its comic book titles in 2011 during The new 52 event, featuring her in the eponymous Batgirl monthly title as well as Birds of Prey. These changes were retained for the second company wide relaunch in 2016 known as dc rebirth. The character was a popular comic book figure during the silver Age of Comic books, due to her appearances in the batman television series and continued media exposure. She has achieved similar popularity in the modern Age of Comic books under the birds of Prey publication and as a disabled icon.
At the request of the producers of the 1960s. Batman television series, dc editor Schwartz called for a new female counterpart to the superhero. Batman that could be introduced into publication and the third season of the show simultaneously. The character plan subsequently made her first comic book appearance. Batgirl in, detective comics 359, titled "The million Dollar Debut of Batgirl!" (January 1967 by writer Gardner Fox and artist Carmine Infantino. 1, barbara gordon is the daughter. Gotham City police commissioner, james Gordon, the sister of, james Gordon., and is initially employed as head of the gotham City public Library. Although the character appeared in various dc comics publications, she was prominently featured.
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This article is about the fictional character. For the filmmaker, see. Not to be confused with, barbara eileen Gordon. Barbara lined gordon is a fictional superhero appearing in, american comic books published. Dc comics, commonly in association with the superhero. The character was created. William dozier, julius Schwartz, and, carmine Infantino.