He nawab Muhammad Bahawal Khan Abbasi v bahadur (18831907) of Bahawalpur State in suthan Nawab of Bahawalpur and generals in suthan Upper garments edit punjabi women wore the suthan with a kurta, kurti, kameez 81 or jhaga. The kurti could be straight cut ending at the waist or be a mini version of the anga, 41 which ia a gown flowing to below the knees and even to the ankles (akin to the anarkali ) also known as an angarkha. 85 Variations edit sometimes women replaced the suthan with a churidar pajamma, (a tradition noted by baden-Powell in 1872 in his book hand-book of the manufactures and Arts of the punjab) 86 which would then be covered with a punjabi Ghagra when going outdoors. The punjabi ghagra has its origins in the candataka which continued as a popular female dress in the seventh century. 87 The use of the svasthana was also popular in this period. However, the candataka ended at the thighs and the svasthana may have been used to cover the lower legs thus giving rise to the tradition of wearing the ghagra and the suthan together.
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68 The gaddi 69 community wear the garment, especially in Pathankot 70 and Nurpur ( Gurdaspur District ).Its variation known as the churidar suthan is worn in the punjab mountainous region 71 especially by the gujjar community in the foothills of Punjab, India,. When worn in Jammu, the suthan is referred to as Dogri pants 74 or Dogri suthan. This is the basis of the churidar pyjama, which in the punjab region is also known as the (full length) ghuttana 75 which was adopted in Lucknow during the 19th century. Where the churidar suthan is tight punjabi up to the knees and wide above, the churidar pajama is tight below the calves and slightly loose above. 76 The waist fits closer than the suthan. Interestingly, in the late 19th century, the slim line riding breeches known as Jodhpuri, 77 were developed along the lines of the tight fitting Punjabi suthan, albeit the churidar 78 is cited as an inspiration. 79 Since the creation of India and pakistan, women of the meo community of Rajasthan have adopted the salwar called khusni which, like the punjabi suthan, is tight below the knees and loose above and is worn with a long kameez. 80 Man in tight Punjabi suthan. Men in Punjabi tight from knees suthan Men of the British Punjab army in Punjabi churidar suthans 1895 Punjab Hills Punjab Hills 1895. Kulu woman in Punjabi churidar suthan.
60 61 The loose suthan was also worn by men in Bannu ( Khyber pakhtunkhwa ) 62 which has historical and cultural connections with the rest of the punjab region. 63 64 Women in Punjabi suthan 1890 19th Century punjabi suthan suit worn by the lady on the right Punjabi woman in Punjabi suthan and short kurta 1874 Woman on right in loose punjabi suthan suit Men in British Punjab army in tight and loose. 1852 Tight Punjabi suthan edit The tight Punjabi suthan is a variation of the ancient svasthana, and was still popular in the punjab region in the 19th century. The tight suthan is baggy from the knees up 65 and tight from the knees down to the ankles 66 (a remnant of the tight fit ancient svasthana). The tight suthan remained popular in the east Punjab into the 1960s. 57 In Multan, the tight suthan remained popular till the early 21st century. 67 The punjabi suthan is part of male and female attire biography and is part of traditional dress in the hills of Punjab, pakistan, including Bannu. It is still a traditional garment in Jammu where it is held in high regard.
55 Sussi was manufactured in various places such as Hoshiarpur, amritsar, multan and Jhang. 56 Instead of the punjabi salwar paunchay at the bottom of the salwar, which are loose, 57 the punjabi suthan is gathered midway between the knees and the ankles to fit closely to the leg and end in a tight band at the ankles which. 57 The tight band of the suthan is a remnant of the ancient svasthana trousers which were tight fitting to the thighs. The use of loose material is a local development. The pleats of the suthan either gather in circles resembling bangles, or fall vertically to the ankles. As the distinction between the loose punjabi suthan and the baggy salwar rests on the ankle band, some view the loose punjabi suthan as another version of the salwar, 58 with the definition of suthan being reserved for the tight Punjabi suthan. The loose suthan is primarily a female costume, but in some areas, such as Rawalpindi, was worn by men too, 59 which is also called tambi when worn by men.
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A longer version of the bandi is known as a chemise which has a lace around its hem. 45 Both bandi and chemise traditionally have been worn by women indoors. Somer versions are worn as pullovers with no side slits and font opening. The choli is referred to as kurti in Punjabi which can be half or full sleeved and be hip 46 length. Design edit punjabi women in west Punjab 47 48 and east Punjab 47 (which includes Haryana and Himachal Pradesh ) traditionally wore the punjabi suthan suit which was made of a head scarf, upper garment and suthan. 49 Types edit The punjabi suthan is of two types: loose gartner to above the ankles and tight at the ankles, or loose to the knees, and then cut straight and tight to the ankles.
50 loose punjabi suthan edit It was noted by Alberuni in the 11th century. That the local drawers are of gigantic proportions. 51 This could point to the loose punjabi suthan which, unlike the punjabi salwar, has multiple pleats and is very baggy with many folds. The suthan can also be arranged in plaits. 52 Up to 20 yards of cloth can be used which hangs in innumerable folds. 53 Some varieties, such as those of Chakwal, can use between 30 and 40 yards of cloth which are made with overhanging pleats. 54 The material used for the suthan is traditionally coloured cotton with silk lines going down and is called sussi.
33 The svasthana was worn with the tunic called varbana 34 which was tight fitting. Kurta/Kurti edit Phulkari kurta women's Punjabi kurti saraiki kurti The use of side slits in the straight cut Punjabi kurta can be traced to the 11th century. 35 female kurtaka worn in parts of north India and was a short shirt, with sleeves extending from the shoulders, to the middle of the body, and had slashes on the left and the right sides. 36 This is the same as the modern straight cut kurta which has side slits and worn by women in Punjab. 37 In modern usage, a short kurta is referred to as the kurti. However, traditionally, the kurti is a short cotton coat 38 39 (without side slits) and is believed to have descended from the tunic of the Shunga period (2nd century.
40 The local style of kurti also includes the type that flares out around the waist. 41 The traditional Punjabi kurti is front opening and is buttoned. Traditionally, a chain of gold or silver called zanjiri is woven into the buttons. 42 The use of the kurti by women has been noted during the 1600s 43 44 to the present day. The kurti can be front opening from below the neck to the waist, or cover the back but leave the stomach exposed with some styles fastening at the back. A variation of the kurti, known as a bandi, is sleeveless and is worn as a pullover with no side slits and front opening.
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26 a version of the reviews svasthana has been noted in ancient India which sticks to the calves with narrow circumferences of the lower opening. 27 This is similar to the punjabi ghuttana which is loose at the thighs and tightens at the knees and ends at the calves (with some versions ending at the knees and the lower legs being naked). 28 This suggests that the use of the suthan is indigenous to the punjab region. Ultimately, however, the svasthana could have been introduced to ancient India from Central Asia, 29 but its use became popular amongst the general people in the local area during the medieval period, 30 particularly, the 7th century. 25 The wearing of the suthan and kurta continued to be prevalent during the mughal period between. 31 and has been in use in unbroken succession since ancient times. 32 The national review (1925) notes that the suthan was in much use in the punjab, generally in white washable cloth but on feast days of rich material such as Lahore silk.
18 The word suthana was also used in Hindi, to describe pajamas. 19 Ancient svasthana and varbana outfit worn during Gupta Empire, the basis of the punjabi suthan suit History edit 20th (Punjab) Regiment of Bengal Native infantry. Painting by walter Fane (1828-85 1868 Suthan edit The use of the suthan in the punjab region 20 also called suthana in Punjabi is a survival of the ancient svasthana. 11 21 svasthana referred to a lower garment which can be described as a type of trousers. The svasthana was in use amongst the rulers in the mauryan times(322185 bce). 22 evidence of the use of svasthana amongst the ruling classes has also been observed in North India during the kushan Empire between the 1st and 3rd centuries. 23 It was noted in use during the gupta Empire between 4th and 6th centuries. 24 and during King Harsha's 25 rule during the 7th century.
are trousers cut straight and tight, as opposed to the salwar, which is baggy and can be full of folds. 13 The tight suthan is loose to the knees but the loose punjabi suthan is loose to the lower legs and very tight at the ankles. The salwar ends in a band which is loose fitting. Despite this difference, people use the word suthan and salwar interchangeably to describe loose suthans and salwars, 14 with the loose suthan resembling the salwar. 15 Prior to the use of the term pajama, the term suthan was used. Therefore, the woollen pajamas of Gilgit 16 are also referred to as suthan. 17 However, these are not of the punjabi variety. The churidar pajama was also referred to as the suthan.
The women's Punjabi salwar suit style has become popular plan all over the sub-continent and beyond 1 2 reaching even the remote parts. 3, it is also the national dress for, pakistan, 4 5 since the later 1960s with the punjabi salwar being used in government offices. 6, the outfit has been a part of Punjabi tradition for centuries whether as the suthan 7 8 kurta/kurti ensemble or the salwar jhaga ( kameez kurta combination. The outfit includes the. Patiala salwar and the, saraiki shalwar suits of the, punjab region. Contents, punjabi suit edit The term Punjabi suit refers to the three piece ensemble comprising the head scarf, kameez and the salwar. However, the term also encompasses the older variety of the punjabi suthan suit which is made up of the head scarf, kurta/kurti and Punjabi suthan.
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Free essays on my favourite Dress Paragraph Or Essay through. Weve got Lots of Free essays. For different styles, see, shalwar kameez. The punjabi, salwar is part of the punjabi suit which is the traditional attire of the. Punjab region of the, indian subcontinent. It is known for its lively hues, rich fabrics and embroidery. The suit features three items - a kameez (top salwar (bottom) and dupatta remote (scarf).