As economists have pointed out, trade is essentially a type of technology. Trade turns the goods a country values less (exports) into goods the country values more (imports). Barriers to trade amount to destroying a nations most efficient factories. (In the us, for example, our most efficient car manufacturers may be our farmers, who produce wheat and corn which is then traded for cars.) Free trade, instead of bureaucratic and bloated import substitution, is the path to a wealthier, healthier society. By stymieing economic growth, import substitution, with its command-and-control approach, makes nations poorer, leading to the aforementioned problems of racism, xenophobia, extremism, and violence. In addition, the import substitution approach also helps to entrench evil cultural norms. As you read this, 200 million Indians experience the squalor and degradation that goes with being an untouchable, a member of the lowest class in Indias ancient and complex social system.
World trade centre essay
As we take a look around and the world, it becomes increasingly apparent that unilateral free trade on the part of the United States would be one of the truly great policies ever implemented. In addition to being great economic policy, unilateral free would probably be one of the great humanitarian policies ever, not to mention an absolutely necessary part of any decent foreign policy. Unilateral free trade by the United States would create new opportunities for less developed nations around the world to grow and make things to sell to us, and would lessen opportunities for racists and extremists in the developing world and in the former soviet Union. The developed worlds trade policies are only a small part of the problem. The underdeveloped world must also pursue policies of free trade. In the not-so-distant past, many poorer nations, such as India, thought the path to riches lay in very high tariffs and central planning. This idea, called import substitution, essentially argued that the government of a poor nation could decide which industries should grow, and then subsidize those industries and set up massive barriers to foreign goods. This experiment, like any experiment with central planning, has proven to be an unmitigated disaster. A policy of free trade, by allowing entrepreneurs to respond to domestic and world prices, automatically and correctly directs resources into a nations best abilities and assets. If a good costs less in India than in the rest of the world, then India should export that good. If a good costs less outside of India, then India should import the good.
Because many of these underdeveloped nations have very little political clout with the rest of the world, and because farmers in wealthy nations have lots of political power, the goods from these poorer nations are tariffed and"d right out of the richer nations markets. This helps keep our underdeveloped friends mired in poverty, making them more likely to embrace militant and racist ideologies, ending in bloody tribal warfare and civil war. Even more disturbing are the heavy tariffs summary placed by the us and Europe on certain goods coming from Russia and Eastern Europe. As nations try to climb out of Communism, it is criminally immoral to place barriers to their market-based growth. In addition, placing tariffs on their goods is downright dangerous. As we all know, russia, byelorussia, and the ukraine all have nuclear weapons. Retarding their economic growth leads to further impoverishment of their people, making the masses susceptible to the warmongering of politicians like zhirinovsky and the communists. In addition, by lessening Russias market-based opportunities of gaining wealth, our barriers raise the probability of Russian weapons sales to all sorts of aggressors around the world, creating further threats to peace. When it comes to russia and its neighbors, any deviation from free trade is a threat to world peace.
Indeed, the hungry increasingly gravitate to the ideologies of racism, fear, and xenophobia. This creates an opportunity for militants to sell violence to the masses. A prime example of this phenomenon in the caribbean is the small nation of haiti. As people live in poverty of the most disgraceful kind, they pick leaders who blame a local golf minority, or a different political group, for a nations problems. A violent civil war often follows, and a nations civil society is destroyed. While our sugar policies are not the source of haitis brutal civil war, it is clear that the economic growth provided by free trade in sugar would certainly have made haitis destruction less likely. More people would have been gainfully employed, fewer people would have been living in squalor, and fewer people would have been susceptible to messages of violence and hate. The caribbean is not alone in this analysis. Much of the underdeveloped world grows and produces agricultural products.
All this just to enrich a few sugar growers, who happen to benefit from the filthy lucre of political largesse. So our restrictive trade policy in sugar damages. Consumers and many. Manufacturers, and retards the caribbeans development to boot, leaving millions mired in the grip of raw, squalid poverty. As tragic as this is, what does this have to do with peace? The answer to this question is everything. In the caribbean, the socialist movement has often been quite powerful, using the masses ignorance and want to press forward with a statist agenda. As people live in hunger and need, they become more susceptible to extreme and easy-sounding ideologies.
Essay on fair trade supermarkets
Much of the people in the caribbean suffer nasty, brutish, and short lives. A good deal of the caribbeans poverty, from Jamaica to Trinidad, could be eliminated rapidly if these nations could sell more of their sugar abroad. Being able to sell more sugar would mean greater demand for workers, more jobs, and growing economies. If economic growth increases by even a single percentage point, this translates into massive changes in the standard of living in a fairly brief time, thanks to the magic of compounding. To illustrate this point, one should envision two nations, one growing at 1 per year, and the other growing at 3 per year. After ten years, the economy that grew at 3 will be over 23 bigger than the economy that grew.
This paper economic growth buys a great deal of running water, basic medicines, primary education, and decent housing, which are desperately needed throughout the caribbean region. The tragedy is that these nations could sell more sugar, if it werent for our highly restrictive tariffs and"s on sugar imports. This tragedy is doubled when one realizes that we as a nation house do not even benefit directly from these tariffs and"s. Our consumers have to pay more for sugar or any product that contains sugar. Various us manufacturers have to pay more for sugar to use in their product, or use an inferior sweetener, such as corn syrup, which makes their products less competitive in world markets.
Paul Newman had set an impressive example of how to harness the power of commercial branding into a philanthropic engine. Though a powerful tool (and one i had used before in philanthropic contexts branding alone would not prove strong enough to overcome the obstacles dukale and I faced. We were not starting a charity. We were in the coffee business. I needed to start a business that could partner with farmers like dukale in order to gain access to markets.
Where no infrastructure existed, i had to find a way to create it through distribution and cafes in New York that would introduce fair Trade coffee by dukale and others directly to consumers. The business dukale inspired, laughing Man Worldwide, reinvests 100 of its profits in its partnerships with farmers. Laughing Man Worldwide approaches farmers as equals in pursuit of a shared dream. Working together, we learn from each other, and slowly we begin to redefine what it means to do business and what it means to be happy). Crafts hobbies/Printmaking books on PubMatch - your Global book rights network. Contest Honorable mention, just a few hundred miles south of miami, lie the caribbean islands, a popular tourist spot for many Americans. Along with their sandy beaches and warm water, these caribbean islands possess something far uglier and far more insidious: poverty. The vast majority of the caribbeans residents have no running water and no electricity. Many of them exist in cardboard boxes.
Fair, trade, coffee - 3316 Palabras Cram
Dukale needed partners, but no partners or infrastructure existed either in Africa or the United States to allow dukale to build a bridge to a future for his family and his farm. Like many people, i had thought I could strive to change the way the world does business while maintaining a personal distance from the details. Though I wanted to see dukale thrive, i had never thought of going into business myself. Now I questioned my assumptions. During the day that dukale and I had worked together on his farm, we had formed an easy bond, and now I wanted to continue working with him. Once i realized that I would, in going into business, have thesis to create a new model to bring dukales coffee to the world, i had trouble at first understanding how we would reach our goal. I loved coffee, and i knew dukale grew the best coffee in the world, but I didnt know how to serve as a distributer or a cafe owner.
countries all over the world, dukale was isolated with limited access to the markets and opportunities of the developed world. In simple terms, he could not sell his coffee for a fair price. When I first arrived home from my trip to Ethiopia, i spoke at the un as a world Vision ambassador about the need to work with farmers like dukale so that they can realize a fair Trade price for their coffee. At the time, i thought I could make a connection between dukale and existing distribution. I didnt see any reason why it wouldnt be relatively simple. Coffee distributors funneled coffee from all over the world to stores and cafes all across the United States. I immediately discovered, however, that the coffee businesscafes, patrons and distributorswas not set up to benefit the small farmer. But when I traveled back to Africa, i saw that the coffee exchange in Ethiopia could not offer dukale a fair Trade price for his coffee.
He was able to produce the highest quality coffee, but he had no access to markets that would offer him a fair price. When, 30 years ago, aid organizations came to Africa, they focused on emergency relief. In our conversations, dukale made it clear that he did not want to subsist on the generosity of others. He wanted what we all want: to realize the fruits of our own labor. Having shifted away from relief to development as a way of preventing emergencies, world Vision had recently partnered with dukale to construct a methane gas system that converted cow manure into lamplight and fuller cooking flame. This simple innovation spared his family prolonged exposure to smoke, enabled his children to study for school after dark, and allowed dukale to spend more time developing his farm so he could grow more coffee. The methane burner also meant dukale no longer had to cut down the trees that provided necessary shade for his coffee plants and oxygen for the ozone. The methane gas system convinced me of what i already knew: simple innovations could transform the lives of millions of people, allowing them to be more resourceful and independent.
Essay about my, fair
I met dukale, a small-time coffee grower, while on a trip to Ethiopia as an ambassador for. World Vision, i was deeply impressed by his strength and his dignity. Despite overwhelming obstacles, dukale supported his family and produced high-quality organic coffee. I also sensed a kinship database with dukale. Like me, he was a worker and a father who wanted to thrive and provide for his family. Only one thing had been holding dukale back: his circumstances. He needed tree cover to grow his coffee beans, but he also needed to harvest his trees for fuel.